Dow plunges and is back in a bear market

New York
CNN Business

The third quarter is about to end – and investors are wishing the past nine months good riddance. Stocks fell Thursday, giving up much of Wednesday’s big gains. The Dow fell nearly 460 points, or 1.5%.

The Dow is now back in a bear market, more than 20% below the all-time high it set in January. The S&P 500, one of the broadest measures of the health of Corporate America, slid 2.1% Thursday, hitting a new low for the year. The Dow and S&P 500 are once again not far from their lowest levels since November 2020.

The tech-laden Nasdaq Composite sank 2.8% Thursday and has plummeted even more than the Dow and S&P in 2022. Major stock exchanges in the UK, Europe and Asia have all dropped sharply this year as well.

The stock market had a promising start to the quarter, soaring in July. But fears about inflation, rate hikes, rising bond yields and recession returned with a vengeance in August and September.

A drop in weekly jobless claims spooked investors Thursday. The job market remains relatively healthy, even as the broader economy has contracted. Traders are betting that the labor market strength will keep pressure on the Federal Reserve to continue raising interest rates aggressively for the rest of this year and in 2023.

The CNN Business Fear & Greed Index, which measures seven indicators of market sentiment, sank further into Extreme Fear territory.

It’s not just stocks that have tumbled. It’s the bear market for just about everything. There have been few places for investors to run and hide this year. Bond yields have surged, which means that prices are down. That weighs on returns.

Bonds are supposed to be safe havens during times of market and economic volatility. But two popular, widely held bond funds, the Vanguard Total Bond Market Index Fund ETF

and iShares Core U.S. Aggregate Bond ETF

, are both down nearly 16% in 2022.

Think gold is a good place to ride out the storm? The price of the yellow metal is down 10% this year. And forget about cryptocurrencies. Bitcoin prices have fallen off a cliff, plummeting nearly 60% in 2022.

Still, there are some winners even in this brutal market environment. Oil prices are up for the year, partly due to supply concerns in Europe resulting from Russia’s invasion of Ukraine. Energy giant Chevron

is the best performing stock in the Dow this year while Warren Buffett-backed Occidental Petroleum

leads the S&P 500.

Healthcare stocks, typically a defensive sector that holds up better during tough economic times, have done well too. Pharma giant Merck

, biotech Amgen

and insurer UnitedHealth

are all up this year and are the top stocks in the Dow after Chevron.